Jean-Paul Ampuero

Seismology + Earthquake Dynamics + Rupture Imaging

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Seismologist at Geoazur Laboratory - Earthquakes Team

Senior Researcher at Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development)

Excellence Chair at Université Côte d’Azur (Nice, France)

Main research topics

  • Earthquake physics, computational earthquake dynamics, fracture mechanics
  • Earthquake source imaging and source inversion
  • Distributed Acoustic Sensing in seismology
  • Earthquake prompt gravity signals
  • Induced seismicity


Postdoctoral researchers

Former Geoazur postdocs:

Graduate students


Complete list, including current pre-prints, in CV and Google scholar.

Selected recent publications

  • T. Candela, M. Pluymaekers, J. P. Ampuero, J.-D. van Wees, L. Buijze, B. Wassing, S. Osinga, N. Grobbe, A. Muntendam-Bos (2021), Controls on the spatio-temporal patterns of induced seismicity in Groningen constrained by physics-based modeling with Ensemble-Smoother data assimilation, Geophys. J. Int., ggab497, doi:10.1093/gji/ggab497 - PDF
  • M. van den Ende, I. Lior, J. P. Ampuero, A. Sladen, A. Ferrari, C. Richard (2021), A Self-Supervised Deep Learning Approach for Blind Denoising and Waveform Coherence Enhancement in Distributed Acoustic Sensing data, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks and Learning Systems, doi:10.1109/TNNLS.2021.3132832 - PDF
  • M. Prada, P. Galvez, J. P. Ampuero, V. Sallarès, C. Sánchez-Linares, J. Macías, D. Peter (2021), The influence of depth-varying elastic properties of the overriding plate on megathrust earthquake rupture dynamics and tsunamigenesis, J. Geophys. Res., 126 (11), e2021JB022328, doi:10.1029/2021JB022328 - PDF
  • S. Larochelle, N. Lapusta, J. P. Ampuero and F. Cappa (2021), Constraining fault friction and stability with fluid-injection field experiments, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48 (10), e2020GL091188, doi:10.1029/2020GL091188 - PDF
  • I. Lior, A. Sladen, D. Mercerat, J.-P. Ampuero, D. Rivet and S. Sambolian (2021), Strain to ground motion conversion of DAS data for earthquake magnitude and stress drop determination, Solid Earth, 12 (6), 1421–1442, doi:10.5194/se-12-1421-2021
  • M. van den Ende and J. P. Ampuero (2021), Evaluating seismic beamforming capabilities of Distributed Acoustic Sensing arrays, Solid Earth, 12 (4), 915–934, doi:10.5194/se-12-915-2021
  • I. Lior, A. Sladen, D. Rivet, J. P. Ampuero, Y. M. Hello, P. Lamare, C. Jestin, S. Tsagkli, C. Markou (2020), On the detection capabilities of underwater DAS, J. Geophys. Res., 126 (3), e2020JB020925, doi:10.1029/2020JB020925 - PDF
  • M.-A. Meier, J. P. Ampuero, E. Cochran and M. Page (2020), Apparent earthquake rupture predictability, Geophys. J. Int., 225 (1), 657–663, doi:10.1093/gji/ggaa610
  • C. Liang, J. P. Ampuero and D. Pino-Muñoz (2020), Deep ductile shear zone facilitates near-orthogonal strike-slip faulting in a thin brittle lithosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 82 (2), e2020GL090744, doi:10.1029/2020GL090744 - PDF
  • B. Idini and J. P. Ampuero (2020), Fault zone damage promotes pulse-like rupture and back-propagating fronts via quasi-static effects, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47 (23), e2020GL090736, doi:10.1029/2020GL090736 - PDF
  • M. van den Ende, M. M. Scuderi, F. Cappa and J. P. Ampuero (2020), Extracting microphysical fault friction parameters from laboratory and field injection experiments, Solid Earth, 11, 2245–2256, doi:10.5194/se-11-2245-2020 - PDF
  • H. Weng and J. P. Ampuero (2020), Continuum of earthquake rupture speeds enabled by oblique slip, Nature Geo., 13, 817–821, doi:10.1038/s41561-020-00654-4 - PDF
  • M. van den Ende, J. Chen, J. P. Ampuero and A. Niemeijer (2020), Rheological transitions facilitate fault-spanning ruptures on seismically active and creeping faults, J. Geophys. Res., 125 (8), e2019JB019328, doi:10.1029/2019JB019328 - PDF
  • M. van den Ende and J. P. Ampuero (2020), On the statistical significance of foreshock sequences in Southern California, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47 (3), e2019GL086224, doi:10.1029/2019GL086224 - PDF
  • E. Oral, H. Weng and J. P. Ampuero (2019), Does a damaged-fault zone mitigate the near-field impact of supershear earthquakes? - Application to the 2018 Mw 7.5 Palu earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47 (1), e2019GL085649, doi:10.1029/2019GL085649 - PDF
  • A. Sladen, D. Rivet, J. P. Ampuero, L. De Barros, Y. Hello, G. Calbris, P. Lamare (2019), Distributed sensing of earthquakes and ocean-solid Earth interactions on seafloor telecom cables, Nat. Comms., 10, 5777, doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13793-z - PDF
  • H. Weng and J. P. Ampuero (2019), The dynamics of elongated earthquake ruptures, J. Geophys. Res., 124 (8), 8584-8610, doi: 10.1029/2019JB017684 - PDF

Current pre-prints

  • P. Danre, L. De Barros, F. Cappa, J. P. Ampuero, Fluid-induced anthropogenic and natural earthquake swarms driven by aseismic slip, ESSOAr preprint, doi:10.1002/essoar.10509508.2
  • M. Chmiel, M. Godano, M. Piantini, P. Brigode, F. Gimbert, M. Bakker, F. Courboulex, J. P. Ampuero, D. Rivet, A. Sladen, D. Ambrois, M. Chapuis, Brief communication: Seismological analysis of flood dynamics and hydrologically-triggered earthquake swarms associated with storm Alex, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. preprint, doi:10.5194/nhess-2021-339
  • J. Jiang, B. A. Erickson, V. R. Lambert, J. P. Ampuero et al., Community-driven code comparisons for three-dimensional dynamic modeling of Sequences of Earthquakes and Aseismic Slip (SEAS), ESSOAr preprint, doi:10.1002/essoar.10508582.1
  • A. Inbal, J. P. Ampuero, R. W. Clayton, Earthquake detectability and depth resolution with dense arrays in Long Beach, California, ESSOAr preprint, doi:10.1002/essoar.10508262.1
  • E. Oral, P. Ayoubi, J. P. Ampuero, D. Asimaki, L. F. Bonilla, Kathmandu Basin as a local modulator of seismic waves: 2D modelling of nonlinear site response under obliquely incident waves, EarthArXiv preprint, doi:10.31223/X5333H
  • I. Lior, D. E. Mercerat, D. Rivet, A. Sladen, J. P. Ampuero, Imaging an Underwater Basin and its Resonance Modes using Optical Fiber Distributed Acoustic Sensing, EarthArXiv preprint, doi:10.31223/X5XK8P
  • A. Beall, M. van den Ende, J. P. Ampuero, A. Fagereng, Viscous fault creep controls the stress-dependence of modelled earthquake statistics, EarthArXiv preprint, doi:10.31223/X55G8T
  • C. Liang and J. P. Ampuero, Comment on “Coincident locations of rupture nucleation during the 2019 Le Teil earthquake, France and maximum stress change from local cement quarrying” by De Novellis et al., ESSOAr preprint, doi:10.1002/essoar.10504400.1
  • Y. Luo and J. P. Ampuero, Tremor migration patterns and the collective behavior of deep asperities mediated by creep, EarthArXiv preprint, doi:10.17605/